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What is "Fair Use"?

     The Copyright Act (Title 17 of the United States Code) permits the use of portions of another author's work for research, education, news reporting, criticism, and similar non-profit purposes.

   The Copyright Act never defines "Fair Use", but Section 107 of the act lists four factors to consider when determining if the use is fair:

   1) The purpose and character of the use;
   2) The nature of the copyrighted work;
   3) The amount and substantiality of the portion used; and
   4) The effect of the use on the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.

   We observe the copyrights of each company whose content have been arranged for our electronic reproduction herein. We adhere to all four factors constituting fair use under Section 107.

   Where feasible, considering time requirements, the need for our immediate attention, the nature of the copyrighted work, and the purpose of our use, permission to electronically reproduce such materials has been obtained.

   Should you have any comments concerning our use of copyrighted materials, please send email to: